Temple Garden, un temple sous-marin créé par les Jardiniers du récif de Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Temple Garden, an underwater temple created by Gardeners of Pemuteran Reef. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

Pemuteran: baby turtles, underwater temple and electric coral

  Indonesia: Bali - July 2008

Dear English-speaking readers, this page is an automatic Google translation from a post originally written in French. My apologies for the weird sentences and the funny mistakes that could have been generated during the process. If you can read French, the original and correct version can be found here:

I am since Tuesday in Pemuteran, a small village in western Bali. I just love it !


There is not much here except the fishing village, a handful of luxury hotels, a few cheap family guesthouses, and dive centers.

The whole thing is wedged between a noisy road and a gorgeous black sand cove.

A peaceful and authentic fishing village

We have a beautiful panoramic view of the bay climbing up to the small hilltop temple just west of the hotel zone. A nice walk, easy to walk on, before dusk, when the sunlight becomes soft, and gives a golden glow to the mountains overlooking the bay.

Lumière du soir sur la baie de Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Evening light on the bay of Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

After just go down the steps leading to the temple, and continue by the hard way, to the sea, to return by the beach.

The tranquil and authentic atmosphere of Pemuteran contrasts with the tourist frenzy of so many other busiest corners of Bali. And the people here are super hospitable.

In the evening, at low tide, the villagers gather shells, their feet in the water, between the dead coral heaps on the beach. The kids proudly show me their catch of the day, with big, radiant smiles.

À marée basse, les gens de Pemeturan ramassent des coquillages sur la grève. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
At low tide, the people of Pemeturan collect shells on the beach. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Les enfants de Pemuteran me montrent fièrement les coquillages qu'ils ont ramassés sur la plage. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Pemuteran's children proudly show me the shells they picked up on the beach. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

All mobilized to protect the reef

In Pemuteran, all activities revolve around the protection of the coral reef. Since the 1990s, several green initiatives have been successfully launched to raise awareness among villagers and tourists about the fragility of the marine ecosystem.

As in many other places, coral has suffered here from warming water caused by El Niño and practices (no longer in the area) of cyanide and dynamite fishing.

The diving center Reef Seenled by Chris Brown, an Australian settled here for 17 years, started in 1992 on Turtle Hatchery Project (or Proyek Penyu, in Indonesian): a turtle nursery. It is located right next to the bungalows where the divers are staying.

Chris Brown est australien et installé à Pemuteran depuis 1991, où il dirige le centre de plongée Reef Seen. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Chris Brown is Australian and has been living in Pemuteran since 1991, where he runs the Reef Seen Dive Center. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Dans la pouponnière à tortues du centre de plongée Reef Seen, à Pemuteran, des dizaines de bébés attendent de découvrir la mer... (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
In the reef nursery nursery Reef Seen, in Pemuteran, dozens of babies are waiting to discover the sea ... (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Dans les bassins de Reef Seen, il y a aussi deux tortues adultes. Le centre a tenté plusieurs fois de les remettre dans leur milieu naturel, mais chaque fois, elles sont revenues ! (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
In Reef Seen Basins, there are also two adult turtles. The center tried several times to put them back in their natural environment, but each time they came back! (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Enfouis sous le sable chaud, les œufs de tortue attendent d'éclore. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Buried under the warm sand, the turtle eggs are waiting to hatch. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

The turtle eggs are bought from the fishermen who find them, and they are buried under the sand in the famous "nursery" for 45 to 60 days until they hatch.

The baby turtles then stay in the adjoining basins for 2 to 3 months.

We do not release them right away. The idea is to wait until the babies are big and strong before giving them back their freedom. Young turtles released in this way are likely to have a better chance of survival.

Two adult turtles, named Boomer and Billy, also live there, in Reef Seen basins. The center has tried many times to put them back in their natural environment, but they never really regained their freedom. Each time, they came back!

Unusual: a temple under water

Right next to Reef Seen, there are also Reef Gardeners, Reef Gardeners of Pemuteran: a team of young Balinese, who have been trained in diving and aware of the protection of the underwater environment.

They harvest the crowns of thorn or Acanthaster, these thorny sea stars corpulent coral. They maintain the reef, which they make discover to the visitors. They created several underwater sites, close to the beach, to promote the regrowth of coral, by submerging boat wrecks on the bottom.

Under the surface, they also built ... a temple! An amazing site, with statues of turtles and Khmer-style Buddhas, on which I plunged yesterday. Strange atmosphere, a little ghostly.

Temple Garden, un temple sous-marin créé par les Jardiniers du récif de Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Temple Garden, an underwater temple created by Gardeners of Pemuteran Reef. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Le corail crée d'étranges coiffures aux statues immergées. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
The coral creates strange hairstyles with submerged statues. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Sous l'eau, les visages sereins des statues semblent méditer. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
Underwater, the serene faces of the statues seem to meditate. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

It is really a funny thing to evolve like this, between 30 and 15 meters deep, in the middle of these statues covered (entirely, for the oldest) of corals and sea fans. So many solid supports for coral, which seems to be well fixed.

Electric corals in front of the beach

Finally, Reef Gardeners also participated in the artificial reef project Biorock, stimulated by electricity. It is a few meters from the shore, in front of the hotel Pondok Sari. From the beach, we see the cables sink into the water.

Just follow them in palm-mask-snorkel (Snorkel) to observe the metal structures that support the corals. Some are boat-shaped, others flower or pyramid. The oldest are from 2000-2001 and are beautifully adorned with small coral reefs.

Les câbles électriques sous-marins du projet Bio Rock à Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
The submarine power cables of the Biorock project in Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
L'une des 48 structures métalliques sous-marines du projet Bio Rock à Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
One of 48 Biorock underwater metal structures in Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Le courant électrique des structures Biorock permet au corail de se fixer. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
The electric current flowing through the Biorock structures allows the coral to settle. (Pemuteran, Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

The method is simple: you attach coral branches, which are broken or detached from the natural reef, on a metal support immersed and traversed by an electric current. This results in a phenomenon ofelectrolysis, which allows the limestone of the coral to settle faster. Four to five times faster, according to the young man who informed me at the small Biorock office adjacent to the Pondok Sari hotel.

Some dispute the process: the coral would settle faster, but less solidly ... And it is true that I saw a lot of coral tables reversed or lying crooked on the sand, during my little snorkeling ride (palms- mask-tuba- But the reef gardeners are here to put all this back in shape.

Anyway, the magical spectacle of these groves of corals - a show accessible to all, a few meters from the edge - is definitely worth the detour! A great initiative, really.

Au bureau de Biorock à Pemuteran, une maquette des structures électriques coralliennes, pour expliquer le projet aux touristes, à côté de l'inévitable cendrier-tortue... (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
At the Biorock office in Pemuteran, a model of coral electric structures, to explain the project to tourists, next to the inevitable turtle ashtray ... (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)
Le petit bureau du projet Biorock, sur la plage de Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonésie, juillet 2008.)
The small office of the Biorock project, on the beach of Pemuteran. (Bali, Indonesia, July 2008.)

In short, I am in love with this beach, where everyone, from visitors to residents, cares to preserve the beauty of the seabed!

And for those who practice diving, the sites of Pemuteran as those of the island of Menjangan, not far, deserve a stay of a few days.

Added February 16, 2009. To read further, on the Biorock project of Pemuteran, my article in the Sunday West-France February 15, 2009 :

Biorock, les coraux électriques de Bali. Article paru dans dimanche Ouest-France, le 2 février 2009.

Bali's electric corals

Electricity to save the coral? Called Biorock, this technique helps to revitalize the fragile ecosystems of tropical seas.

On the northwestern coast of Bali, in the Indonesian archipelago, Pemuteran is a quiet village, nestled between a cove of black sand and arid mountains.

On the beach, we see the cables plunge towards the sea. Just follow them, mask and snorkel, to discover, at shallow depth, a fabulous treasure: hundreds of coral and coral branches, attached to Tunnel, flower, pyramid or cone reinforcement ... This is the Biorock project, which is to stimulate the growth of coral with electricity.

The process is based on a simple and inexpensive technique: electrolysis. A low voltage current is circulated in the immersed metal structures. By electrochemical reaction, a thin layer of limestone is deposited gradually. But limestone is precisely what serves as "skeleton" coral. To create an artificial reef, pieces of coral are attached to these metal arches, which have been broken or torn from the natural reef by currents. Thanks to the electricity that accumulates the limestone, the branches will gradually settle and continue to "push".

Three to five times faster

There are about forty Biorock arches in Pemuteran, located between 3 and 7 meters deep, 300 meters long. The oldest date from 2000. They were built with the villagers, sensitized to the protection of the underwater environment. The initiative was funded by local dive centers and hoteliers.

About ten years ago, the reef was decaying, victim of warming waters and fishing cyanide or dynamite. Today, thanks to the Biorock project and other environmental initiatives, Pemuteran has become a model of ecotourism.

Designed in the early 1970s by the German Wolf Hilbertz, developed by the Jamaican Thomas Goreau in the late 80s, the Biorock process reproduces natural calcification present in all oceans. But 3 to 5 times faster! The electrically stimulated coral is growing at full speed. It would also be more resistant to environmental aggressions.

Launched in 1988, the Biorock projects have since spread across all the seas of the globe, in some twenty countries: Jamaica, Gulf of Mexico, Seychelles, Maldives, Panama, etc. The Indonesian facility at Pemuteran in Bali is the most important.

Corinne BOURBEILLON.

→ Link on West-France.fr: The electric corals of Bali 

  Indonesia: Bali - July 2008

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